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25 1998 . N 461

 

-

1 1999

 

 

 

 

 

NONTRADITIONAL POWER ENGINEERING.

SMALL HYDROPOWER ENGINEERING. TERMS AND DEFINITIONS

 

51238-98

 

 

1. " ", " ".

2. 25 1998 . N 461.

3. .

 

 

, .

.

.

.

, , , , . , .

.

, - .

 

1.

 

, , , , .

, , , .

, , , .

.

 

2.

 

:

19431-84. .

23956-80. .

27471-87. . .

 

3.

 

 

3.1. : Hydropower

, engineering

3.2. : Small hydropower

, engineering

3.3. Small hydropower

: engineering

, potential sources

, ,

,

,

3.4. : Small hydropower

engineering

, potential

3.5. Potential category

:

() ;

;

3.6. Total potential

:

,

3.7. Technical potential

:

,

-

3.8. Economical

: potential

,

-

3.9. ; <>: Hydroaggregate

,

3.10. ; Hydropower plant

<>:

,

3.11. Small hydropower

; <>: plant

10000

3.12. ; <>: Hydroelectric power

, plant

3.13. ; < Small hydroelectric

; >: power plant

100

30000

3.14. ; Micro hydroelectric

<, >: power plant

100

3.15. : Installed power

3.16. : Nominal power

,

 

 

3.17. : Dam small

, hydroelectric power

, plant

3.18. : Channel-type small

, hydroelectric power

plant

3.19. : Dam-type small

, hydroelectric power

plant

3.20. : Diversion system

, small hydroelectric

power plant

3.21. : Mixed-type small

, hydroelectric power

, plant

,

3.22. (): Non-dam small

, hydroelectric power

plant

3.23. (): Free-stream small

, hydroelectric power

plant

3.24. (): Floated small

, hydroelectric power

plant

3.25. (): Submerged small

, , hydroelectric power

.. plant

3.26. (): Stationary small

, hydroelectric power

plant

3.27. (): Mobile small

, hydroelectric power

plant

3.28. (): Pressure intake

, small hydroelectric

power plant

3.29. (): String small

- , hydroelectric power

, plant

3.30. (): Network small

, hydroelectric power

plant

,

()

3.31. (): Independent small

, hydroelectric power

plant

,

()

3.32. (): Water-wheel

(, generator

, ,

),

3.33. : Reactive hydraulic

(, turbine

, ) , -

, ,

3.34. Active hydraulic

: turbine bucket type

(,

: :

),

3.35. - Cross-stream active

: hydraulic turbine

,

3.36. - Inclined-stream

: active single

, hydraulic turbine

3.37. Frontal reactive

: hydraulic turbine

,

3.38. Worm feeder

: reactive hydraulic

, turbine

3.39. Rotor reactive

: hydraulic turbine

,

,

3.40. Free-stream

: hydraulic turbine

(

),

3.41. Orthogonal

: hydraulic turbine

(

),

3.42. : Mine hydraulic

, power plant

,

3.43. (): Water path

,

(), ,

3.44. : Water intake

,

()

3.45. : Pre-turbine gate

, valve

3.46. () Gross head of a

: small hydroelectric

power station

()

3.47. : Net head of a small

hydroelectric power

station

(),

3.48. : Turbine discharge

,

,

 

 

 

 

 

()

 

 

3.44

<> 3.9

3.9

3.12

3.13

3.1

3.2

<> 3.12

3.13

<> 3.10

3.45

3.3

3.5

() 3.32

<> 3.13

() 3.31

() 3.22

() 3.29

3.20

() 3.27

() 3.24

3.17

() 3.25

3.19

() 3.28

3.18

() 3.23

() 3.30

3.21

() 3.26

<> 3.11

3.14

<> 3.14

<> 3.14

3.16

3.15

() 3.46

3.47

3.4

3.6

3.7

3.8

3.48

() 3.43

3.34

3.36

-

- 3.35

3.41

3.33

3.39

3.40

3.37

3.38

3.42

3.10

3.11

 

 

 

 

 

()

 

 

Active hydraulic turbine bucket type 3.34

Channel-type small hydroelectric power plant 3.18

Cross-stream active hydraulic turbine 3.35

Dam small hydroelectric power plant 3.17

Dam-type small hydroelectric power plant 3.19

Diversion system small hydroelectric power plant 3.20

Economical potential 3.8

Floated small hydroelectric power plant 3.24

Free-stream hydraulic turbine 3.40

Free-stream small hydroelectric power plant 3.23

Frontal reactive hydraulic turbune 3.37

Gross head of a small hydroelectric power station 3.46

Hydroaggregate 3.9

Hydroelectric power plant 3.12

Hydropower engineering 3.1

Hydropower plant 3.10

Inclined-stream active single hydraulic turbine 3.36

Independent small hydroelectric power plant 3.31

Installed power 3.15

Micro hydroelectric power plant 3.14

Mine hydraulic power plant 3.42

Mixed-type small hydroelectric power plant 3.21

Mobile small hydroelectric power plant 3.27

Net head of a small hydroelectric power station 3.47

Network small hydroelectric power plant 3.30

Nominal power 3.16

Non-dam small hydroelectric power plant 3.22

Orthogonal hydraulic turbine 3.41

Potential category 3.5

Pressure in take small hydroelectric power plant 3.28

Pre-turbine gate valve 3.45

Reactive hydraulic turbine 3.33

Rotor reactive hydraulic turbine 3.39

Small hydropower engineering 3.2

Small hydropower engineering potential sources 3.3

Small hydropower engineering potential 3.4

Small hydropower plant 3.11

Small hydroelectric power plant 3.13

Stationary small hydroelectric power plant 3.26

String small hydroelectric power plant 3.29

Submerged small hydroelectric power plant 3.25

Technical potential 3.7

Total potential 3.6

Turbine discharge 3.48

Water intake 3.44

Water path 3.43

Water-wheel generator 3.32

Worm feeder reactive hydraulic turbine 3.38

 

 

 

 

 

()

 

 

[1] INTERNATIONAL STANDARD CE IEC 1116, 1992-10. Electromechanical eguipment guide for small hydroelectric in stallation.

 

 

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