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25 1998 . N 460

 

-

1 1999

 

 

 

 

 

NONTRADITIONAL POWER ENGINEERING.

WIND POWER ENGINEERING. TERMS AND DEFINITIONS

 

51237-98

 

 

1. " ", .

2. 25 1998 . N 460.

3. .

 

 

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.

.

, , , , . , .

, , .

( ) ( ) .

, - .

 

1.

 

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, " . . ".

 

2.

 

:

27.002-89. . .

24291-90. . .

 

3.

 

3.1.

3.1.1. : Wind power

,

,

3.1.2. : Wind cadaster

,

,

3.1.3. : Wind potency

-

3.1.3.1. : Wind potency total

-

3.1.3.2. : Wind potency

, technical

-

3.1.3.3. : Wind potency

, economic

-

3.1.4. Wind power plant

<()>:

,

(, ,

.)

3.1.4.1. : Wind mechanical

, plant

(, ..)

3.1.4.2. : Wind thermal plant

,

3.1.4.3. : Wind electrical

, plant

3.1.4.4. : Combine wind

, - systems

(,

, ,

, ,

,

..),

3.1.5. Wind electrical

<()>: power station

,

,

3.1.6. <()>: Wind unit

, ,

( ,

, ..)

3.1.6.1. Wind unit for grid

: electric

,

,

,

3.1.6.2. Wind unit autonomic

:

,

,

3.2.

3.2.1. <()>: Wind motor

3.2.2. <()>: Transmission power

system

3.2.3. Generator system

<()>:

(,

..)

3.2.4. : Wind power curve

3.2.5. : Performance curve

3.2.6. : Capacity

,

,

3.2.7. : Maximum electrical

output

3.2.8. : Rated electrical

, output

3.2.9. Efficiency total

:

,

3.2.10. : Start-up speed

,

3.2.11. Cut-in-wind speed

:

,

( )

3.2.12. : Rated wind speed

,

; ,

3.2.13. Gut-out-wind speed

:

,

3.2.14. : Maximum design wind

, speed

3.2.15. () Efficiency rated

: output

3.3. ,

3.3.1. - : Horizontal axial

, wind motor

3.3.2. - : Vertical axial wind

, motor

3.3.3. <()>: Wind rotor

,

3.3.3.1. : Rotor diameter

,

3.3.3.2. : Swept area

,

3.3.3.3. : Blade

,

3.3.3.4. : Blade twist

3.3.3.5. : Pitch angle of the

blade

3.3.3.6. : Hub

,

3.3.3.7. : Cone angle

,

,

3.3.3.8. : Tilt angle

3.3.3.9. : Rotation speed

,

,

3.3.4. : Air brake

,

,

3.3.5. : Mechanical brake

,

3.3.6. : Head brake

,

( )

3.3.7. : Emergency brake

,

3.3.8. () : Nacelle

-

, ,

, ,

3.3.9. : Yaw system

-

,

3.3.10. : Power regulation

, system

3.3.11.

3.3.11.1. Air dynamic

: characteristics

, (

)

( )

3.3.11.2. Characteristics

: regulation

3.3.11.3. Output coefficient

:

,

, ,

3.3.11.4. Wind energy total

:

,

,

3.3.11.5. ( ) High-speed running

: factor

3.3.11.5.1. : Nominal high-speed

, running

3.3.11.5.2. : Synchronous

, high-speed factor

( running factor

)

3.3.11.6. : Aerodynamical load

,

3.3.11.6.1. : Moment of the wind

, wheel

3.3.11.6.2. : Starting moment of

, the wind wheel

3.3.11.6.3. : Nominal moment of

, the wind wheel

3.3.11.6.4. :

,

 

 

 

 

 

()

 

,

 

.1. : Wind

,

.2. : Average wind speed

,

-

, , , , .

 

.3. : Average annual wind

speed

,

.4. : Wind speed profile

,

.5. : Probility function

of the wind speed

,

.6. : Wind distribution

,

.7. Weibull density

: function

,

,

.8. : Wind rose

,

, ,

,

.9. : Specific power of

, the air stream

1 . ,

.10. : Wind energy rose

,

,

,

,

 

 

 

 

 

()

 

 

3.1.6.2

3.1.6.1

( ) 3.3.11.5

<> 3.1.6

<> 3.2.1

- 3.3.2

- 3.3.1

.1

3.1.6

3.2.1

3.3.3

3.1.1

<> 3.3.3

3.3.3.6

<> 3.1.5

<> 3.1.4

3.1.4.4

() 3.3.8

3.3.3.1

3.1.2

3.3.11.3

3.2.9

3.3.3.4

3.3.3.3

3.3.11.6.3

3.3.11.6.1

3.3.11.6.2

3.2.8

3.2.7

.9

3.3.11.6

3.3.3.2

.5

3.1.3.1

3.1.3

3.1.3.2

3.1.3.3

3.2.6

.4

.6

.7

.6

.10

<> 3.2.3

3.3.11.6.4

3.2.3

3.3.9

3.2.2

3.3.10

3.2.14

3.2.13

3.2.11

3.2.12

.3

.2

3.2.10

<> 3.2.2

3.1.5

3.3.7

3.3.4

3.3.6

3.3.5

3.3.3.7

3.3.3.5

3.3.3.8

3.1.4.1

3.1.4.2

3.1.4.3

3.1.4

3.2.4

3.2.5

3.3.11.1

3.3.11.2

3.3.3.9

3.3.11.5.1

3.3.11.5.2

() 3.2.15

3.3.11.4

 

 

 

 

 

()

 

 

Aerodynamical load 3.3.11.6

Air brake 3.3.4

Air dynamic characteristics 3.3.11.1

Average annual wind speed .3

Average wind speed .2

Blade 3.3.3.3

Blade twist 3.3.3.4

Capacity 3.2.6

Characteristics regulation 3.3.11.2

Combine wind systems 3.1.4.4

Cone angle 3.3.3.7

Cut-in-wind speed 3.2.11

Cut-out-wind speed 3.2.13

Efficiency rated output 3.2.15

Efficiency total 3.2.9

Emergency brake 3.3.7

Generator system 3.2.3

Head brake 3.3.6

High-speed running factor 3.3.11.5

Horizontal axial wind motor 3.3.1

Hub 3.3.3.6

Maximum design wind speed 3.2.14

Maximum electrical output 3.2.7

Mechanical brake 3.3.5

Moment of the wind wheel 3.3.11.6.1

Nagelle 3.3.8

Nominal high-speed running factor 3.3.11.5.1

Nominal moment of the wind wheel 3.3.11.6.3

Output coefficient 3.3.11.3

Performance curve 3.2.5

Pitch angle of the blade 3.3.3.5

Power regulation system 3.3.10

Probility function of the wind speed .5

Rated elecrtical output 3.2.8

Rated wind speed 3.2.12

Rotation speed 3.3.3.9

Rotor diameter 3.3.3.1

Specific power of the air stream .9

Starting moment of the wind wheel 3.3.11.6.2

Start-up speed 3.2.10

Swept area 3.3.3.2

Synchronous high-speed running factor 3.3.11.5.2

Tilt angle 3.3.3.8

Transmission power system 3.2.2

Vertical axial wind motor 3.3.2

Weibull density function .7

Wind .1

Wind cadaster 3.1.2

Wind distribution .6

Wind elecrical plant 3.1.4.3

Wind electrical power station 3.1.5

Wind energy rose .10

Wind energy total 3.3.11.4

Wind mechanical plant 3.1.4.1

Wind motor 3.2.1

Wind potency 3.1.3

Wind potency economic 3.1.3.3

Wind potency technical 3.1.3.2

Wind potency total 3.1.3.1

Wind power 3.1

Wind power curve 3.2.4

Wind power plant 3.1.4

Wind rose .8

Wind rotor 3.3.3

Wind speed profile .4

Wind thermal plant 3.1.4.2

Wind unit 3.1.6

Wind unit autonomic 3.1.6.2

Wind unit for grid electric 3.1.6.1

Yaw system 3.3.9

 

 

 

 

 

()

 

 

[1] 50 (602)-83. . 602. , .

 

 

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