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22 2004 . N 30-

 

-

1 2005

 

 

 

 

DIGITAL BROADCAST TELEVISION. TERMS AND DEFINITIONS

 

52210-2004

 

 

1. " - " ( ).

, .

2. 22 2004 . N 30-.

3. .

 

 

, .

.

- "".

.

, () , .

.

, , , , . , .

.

, , , - , - .

 

1.

 

.

, , , / .

 

2.

 

:

21879-88. . .

22670-77. . .

 

3.

 

 

1. : digital broadcast

, television

,

 

2. ; : digital television

broadcasting;

, digital TV

broadcasting

 

.

, ..

 

3. satellite digital

; : television

, broadcasting;

, satellite digital

TV broadcasting

 

4. direct satellite

; digital television

: (. broadcasting;

< >): direct satellite

, digital TV

broadcasting

,

 

5. ; terrestrial

: , digital television

broadcasting;

terrestrial

digital TV

broadcasting

 

6. ; cable digital

: television

, broadcasting;

cable digital TV

broadcasting

 

7. ; cellular digital

: , television

broadcasting;

, cellular digital

, TV broadcasting

 

.

(MMDS) (LMDS)

.

 

8. interactive

; : digital television

, broadcasting;

interactive

digital TV

broadcasting

 

9. - : internet

, broadcasting

 

10. ; multimedia

: television

, , broadcasting;

, multimedia TV

, broadcasting

 

.

-

, ,

, .

 

11. ( user data

): ,

,

 

12. : broadcast program

module

,

 

13. : multimedia program

, module

, , -

,

,

 

14. : event

 

15. bouqet

:

 

16. ( ): multiplex

 

17. spatial redundancy

:

,

 

18. temporal

: , redundancy

 

19. psychovisual

: redundancy

,

 

20. ( global model of a

): digital

, broadcasting

system; global

model

 

 

21. digital broadcast

: television

, standard; digital

broadcast TV

standard

 

22. JPEG: JPEG

,

 

23. JPEG : motion JPEG; MJPEG

JPEG,

,

 

24. JPEG-2000: JPEG, JPEG-2000

-

 

25. MPEG-2: , MPEG-2

,

,

 

26. MPEG-2: MPEG-2 profile

MPEG-2,

 

. , ,

, -

.

 

27. MPEG-2: , MPEG-2 level

MPEG-2

 

. ,

.

 

28. 24: 24P; HDTV standard

for production and

: international

16:9, 1080 program exchange

1920

 

29. digital broadcast

: television system;

digital broadcast

TV system

,

,

,

 

30. : digital video

, broadcasting;

DVB

 

31. ( digital video

) : broadcasting -

, satellite;

DVB-S

, ,

 

.

.

 

32. ( digital video

) : broadcasting -

, terrestrial;

DVB-T

,

,

MPEG-2

 

.

.

 

33. ( digital video

) : broadcasting -

, cable;

DVB-C

 

. 1.

MPEG-2.

2. -

.

 

34. ( digital video

) : broadcasting -

, cellular

 

.

(MMDS) (LMDS)

-

.

 

35. conditional access

; system

:

,

,

,

 

,

 

36. ; : digital television

, signal; digital TV

signal

,

 

37. ( digital data

): , stream

,

 

38. elementary stream;

(, ) ( ES

):

(,

)

 

39. ( program stream;

): , PS

,

,

 

40. ( transport stream;

): TS

,

 

41. ( compression

) (. <>):

 

.

.

 

42. one-dimensional

: prediction; 1-D

prediction

,

, ,

 

43. two-dimensional

: prediction; 2-D

prediction

,

,

,

 

44. three-dimensional

: prediction; 3-D

prediction

,

, ,

,

 

45. prediction error

:

 

46. : interpolation

,

 

47. ( entropy coding;

) (. < variable-length

>): coding; VLC;

, entropy encoding

 

48. ( intra-frame coding;

): intra-coding;

intra-frame

, encoding

 

49. ( inter-frame

): coding; inter-

coding; inter-

, frame encoding

 

50. ( hybrid coding;

): hybrid encoding

,

,

 

51. - discrete wavelet

: transformation;

DWT

-,

,

 

52. discrete cosine

; transformation;

: DCT

,

 

53. motion

: compensation

 

54. (, ) header

:

,

(, )

,

 

55. block

:

,

 

.

- -

.

 

56. : macroblock

,

 

57. : slice

 

58. : picture

,

MPEG-2,

,

 

59. -: , field-picture

,

 

60. -: , frame-picture

,

 

61. I-: , I-picture; intra

picture

 

62. -: , P-picture;

predictive picture

 

63. -: , B-picture;

bidirectionally-

/ predictive picture

 

64. : group of pictures;

I-, - - GOP

 

. ,

I-,

- -.

 

65. : sequence of

, pictures

,

 

.

.

 

66. randomization

( ):

,

 

67. watermarling

:

,

 

.

.

 

68. quadrature phase

: shift keying; QPSK

,

 

69. coded orthogonal

frequency division

: multiplex; COFDM

,

-

,

 

70. quadrature

amplitude

: modulation; QAM

,

,

 

71. prime modulation

:

,

,

 

.

.

 

72. vestigial side

band; VSB

:

,

,

,

, ,

-

 

 

73. ; all-digital

: , television centre;

all-digital TV

centre

 

74. - digital TV

; production

: complex; digital

, studio-production

complex

 

75. digital outside

; : broadcast van;

, digital mobile

television station

 

76. : broadcast

, television digital

, channel

,

,

 

77. : digital video

, channel; digital

, picture channel

 

78. : digital audio

, channel; digital

, sound channel

 

79. digital

: interconnecting

line

, ,

,

 

80. : digital satellite

link

, ,

,

 

81. : , codec

 

82. () : encoder; coder

( 21879)

 

83. () : decoder

( 21879)

 

84. reclocker

: ,

 

85. : , scrambler

,

,

( 22670)

 

86. : , descrambler

,

( 22670)

 

87. : , server

 

88. (N-) two (n) channel

: , (n) server

 

89. () : multiplexer

,

 

90. () : demultiplexer

,

 

91. () digital routing

(. < switcher; digital

>): , matrix switcher;

digital router

 

92. : , digital switcher;

digital mixer

 

93. ; digital television

: camera; digital TV

camera

 

94. (. < digital camcorder

>): ,

 

95. () : digital video tape

, recorder; DVTR

 

96. : , digital video disc

recorder

 

97. digital television

: generator; digital

, TV generator

 

98. : , digital TV set

 

99. : set top box; STB

,

 

.

.

 

 

100. ( ): picture element

,

 

101. error flag

( ):

,

,

,

 

102. EDH- error detection

and handling; EDH

( ):

,

,

 

103. modulation error

( ): ratio; MER

,

 

104. polar pattern;

( ): polar diagram

,

,

 

105. quadrature pattern

( ):

,

 

. I

-

, Q -

.

 

106. : signal

constellation;

, constellation

pattern

,

 

107. television test

: , pattern

 

. -

, .

 

108. : optic test pattern

,

( 21879)

 

109. : artifact

,

,

 

110. : blocking effect

,

,

 

. -

.

 

111. mosaic effect

: ,

 

. ,

.

 

112. colour penumbra

: ,

 

113. crossover

: , distortions

 

114. changed colouring

: , colour details

reproducing

,

 

 

109

 

74

 

55

 

110

 

- 51

 

- 9

 

10

 

2

 

8

 

6

 

7

 

3

 

4

 

5

 

96

 

94

 

95

 

95

 

114

 

97

 

64

 

11

 

11

 

83

 

83

 

90

 

90

 

86

 

105

 

104

 

105

 

104

 

52

 

EDH- 102

 

EDH- 102

 

54

 

54

 

54

 

18

 

17

 

19

 

46

 

113

 

93

 

< > 94

 

78

 

77

 

81

 

82

 

82

 

48

 

50

 

49

 

48

 

50

 

49

 

47

 

47

 

< > 47

 

91

 

91

 

53

 

- 74

 

<> 41

 

103

 

103

 

79

 

80

 

56

 

68

 

67

 

< > 91

 

92

 

20

 

20

 

12

 

13

 

70

 

71

 

72

 

16

 

16

 

89

 

89

 

69

 

45

 

15

 

65

 

38

 

38

 

37

 

39

 

40

 

39

 

40

 

37

 

38

 

38

 

38

 

38

 

43

 

42

 

44

 

52

 

99

 

MPEG-2 26

 

58

 

- 60

 

- 59

 

- 63

 

I- 61

 

- 62

 

75

 

112

 

66

 

66

 

84

 

87

 

88

 

N- 88

 

41

 

41

 

36

 

33

 

33

 

35

 

34

 

34

 

31

 

31

 

29

 

30

 

32

 

32

 

85

 

57

 

35

 

106

 

24 28

 

JPEG 22

 

JPEG 23

 

JPEG-2000 24

 

MPEG-2 25

 

21

 

75

 

< > 4

 

108

 

107

 

10

 

1

 

98

 

93

 

73

 

76

 

MPEG-2 27

 

101

 

101

 

14

 

73

 

2

 

8

 

6

 

7

 

3

 

4

 

5

 

36

 

100

 

100

 

111

 

 

all-digital television centre 73

 

all-digital TV centre 73

 

artifact 109

 

bidirectionally-predictive picture 63

 

block 55

 

blocking effect 110

 

biuqet 15

 

B-picture 63

 

broadcast program module 12

 

broadcast television digital channel 76

 

cable digital television broadcasting 6

 

cable digital TV broadcasting 6

 

cellular digital television broadcasting 7

 

cellular digital TV broadcasting 7

 

changed colouring colour details reproducing 114

 

codec 81

 

coded orthogonal frequency division multiplex 69

 

coder 82

 

COFDM 69

 

colour penumbra 112

 

compression 41

 

conditional access system 35

 

constellation pattern 106

 

crossover distortions 113

 

DCT 52

 

decoder 83

 

demultiplexer 90

 

descrambler 86

 

digital audio channel 78

 

digital broadcast television 1

 

digital broadcast television standard 21

 

digital broadcast television system 29

 

digital broadcast TV standard 21

 

digital broadcast TV system 29

 

digital camcorder 94

 

digital data stream 37

 

digital interconnecting line 79

 

digital matrix switcher 91

 

digital mixer 92

 

digital mobile television station 75

 

digital outside broadcast van 75

 

digital picture channel 77

 

digital router 91

 

digital routing switcher 91

 

digital satellite link 80

 

digital sound channel 78

 

digital studio-production complex 74

 

digital switcher 92

 

digital television broadcasting 2

 

digital television camera 93

 

digital television generator 97

 

digital television signal 36

 

digital TV broadcasting 2

 

digital TV camera 93

 

digital TV generator 97

 

digital TV production complex 74

 

digital TV set 98

 

digital TV signal 36

 

digital video broadcasting 30

 

digital video broadcasting-cable 33

 

digital video broadcasting-cellular 34

 

digital video broadcasting-satellite 31

 

digital video broadcasting-terrestrial 32

 

digital video channel 77

 

digital video disc recorder 96

 

digital video tape recorder 95

 

direct satellite digital television broadcasting 4

 

direct satellite digital TV broadcasting 4

 

discrete cosine transformation 52

 

discrete wavelet transformation 51

 

1-D prediction 42

 

2-D prediction 43

 

3-D prediction 44

 

DVB 30

 

DVB-C 33

 

DVB-S 31

 

DVB-T 32

 

DVTR 95

 

DWT 51

 

EDH 102

 

elementary stream 38

 

encoder 82

 

entropy coding 47

 

entropy encoding 47

 

error detection and handling 102

 

error flag 101

 

ES 38

 

event 14

 

field-picture 59

 

frame-picture 60

 

global model 20

 

global model of a digital broadcasting system 20

 

GOP 64

 

group of pictures 64

 

HDTV standard for production and international program 28

exchange

 

header 54

 

hybrid coding 50

 

hybrid encoding 50

 

interactive digital television broadcasting 8

 

interactive digital TV broadcasting 8

 

inter-coding 49

 

inter-frame coding 49

 

inter-frame encoding 49

 

internet broadcasting 9

 

interpolation 46

 

intra picture 61

 

intra-coding 48

 

intra-frame coding 48

 

intra-frame encoding 48

 

I-picture 61

 

JPEG 22

 

JPEG-2000 24

 

macroblock 56

 

MER 103

 

MJPEG 23

 

modulation error ratio 103

 

mosaic effect 111

 

motion compensation 53

 

motion JPEG 23

 

MPEG-2 25

 

MPEG-2 level 27

 

MPEG-2 profile 26

 

multimedia program module 13

 

multimedia television broadcasting 10

 

multimedia TV broadcasting 10

 

multiplex 16

 

multiplexer 89

 

one-dimensional prediction 42

 

optic test pattern 108

 

picture 58

 

picture element 100

 

polar diagram 104

 

polar pattern 104

 

P-picture 62

 

prediction error 45

 

predictive picture 62

 

prime modulation 71

 

program stream 39

 

PS 39

 

psychovisual redundancy 19

 

QAM 70

 

QPSK 68

 

quadrature amplitude modulation 70

 

quadrature pattern 105

 

quadrature phase shift keying 68

 

randomization 66

 

reclocker 84

 

satellite digital television broadcasting 3

 

satellite digital TV broadcasting 3

 

scrambler 85

 

sequence of pictures 65

 

server 87

 

set top box 99

 

signal constellation 106

 

slice 57

 

spatial redundancy 17

 

STB 99

 

television test pattern 107

 

temporal redundancy 18

 

terrestrial digital television broadcasting 5

 

terrestrial digital TV broadcasting 5

 

three-dimensional prediction 44

 

transport stream 40

 

TS 40

 

two (n) channel server 88

 

two-dimensional prediction 43

 

user data 11

 

variable-length coding 47

 

vestigial side band 72

 

VLC 47

 

VSB 72

 

watermarking 67

 

24P 28

 

 

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