www.docload.spb.ru

, , .
. .
. !
- ! !

 

 

16 1988 . N 3724

 

 

 

 

Rolled products of ferrous metals.

Surface defects. Terms and definitions

 

21014-88

 

00

 

0901

 

1 1990

 

 

1. .

: .. , .. , .. , .. , .. , .. , .. , .. .

2. 16.11.1988 N 3724.

3. 20847-75, 21014-75.

4. - 2000 .

- 10 .

5. -

 

───────────────────────────────────────┬──────────────────────────

, │

───────────────────────────────────────┼──────────────────────────

26877-86

 

: , , , , , , , .

, , , .

26877-86.

1. . 1.

 

1

 

───────────────────────────────┬───────────────────────────┬───────────────────────

───────────────────────────────┴───────────────────────────┴───────────────────────

,

 

1. (- , -

)

. ##

## ()

# #

# #

D. Eingewaltzter Sand Und , ,

Eingewaltzte Schlacke .

E. Rolled slag patch, Sand

mark

F. Contamination 

                                                              

 

                                                              

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

2. (- , -

)

. ## -

## , -

## (-

D. Ausgewalzter Schlacke- ) ,

neisenschluss

. Shelf, Rolled crust

F.

, -

.

                                                              

 

                                                              

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

3.

. ##

# # ,

D. Haarriss, Schuppe

. Hairline, Spill .

F. Fissure capillaire

                                                              

 

                                                              

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

4. (-

)

. # #

# # ,

# #

## ()

##

# #

D. Eingewalzte Blase .

. Rolled blister . 1.

F. Soufflure

. -

.

2.

,

-

-

.

, -

.

                                                              

 

                                                              

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

5. -

. # #

D. Beizblase, Geschlossene ,

Blasen (Beulen)

-

.

.

-

-

.

                                                              

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

6.

. ##

##

## ,

# #

# # , -

## , -

D. Dopplung

. Delamination .

F. Exfoliation . 1.

.

2.

.

                                                              

 

                                                              

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

7.

. # # ,

## ()

D. Brandriss Von Blocken, ,

.

E. Ingot hot tear . -

F. Crique -

.

                                                              

 

                                                              

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

8.

. ##

## , -

## ,

D. Schale

. Sliver, Rolled scab ,

F. Repliure de lingot

,

.

.

-

,

.

                                                              

 

                                                              

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

9.

. ##

. Rolled burn-on ,

F. Sable incruste ,

-

-

.

.

.

                                                              

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

10. (- , -

)

. # # ,

# # ()

# #

D. Eingewalzter Riss

. Rolled crack .

F. Fissure 

                                                              

.

,

, -

,

.

, -

-

.

                                                              

                                                              

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

11.

. # # -

## , -

#-#

# # ,

# #

D. Grober .

. Pipe . 1.

.

2.

-

-

,

.

                                                              

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

,

 

12.

. ## , -

##

##

##

D. Brandriss ,

. Hot tears

F. Crique

.

. 1.

.

2.

-

.

                                                             

                                                              

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

13.

. # #

##

# # , -

# #

D. Kantenriss , -

. Cracked edge

F. Crique sur les hords , -

.

                                                              

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

14.

. ##

# # ,

##

## ,

##

# # ,

. Folded edge

F. Bord

.

.

-

.

                                                              

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

15. , -

. ##

## -

## ,

D. Gewalzte Schale ,

. Sliver, Rolling skin

F. Repliure -

, , -

,

.

.

,

.

                                                              

 

                                                              

 

                                                              

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

16. , -

. # #

# # ,

# # ,

# #

# # ,

# #

# #

D. Spannungsriss .

. Stress crack .

F. Crique de tension

.

-

-

.

                                                              

 

                                                              

 

                                                              

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

17.

. ##

##

D. Loch , -

E. Pigeon hole

F. -

,

-

.

                                                              

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

18. , -

. ##

##

## -

## , -

D. Walznat -

. Ridge

F. Sailie , -

-

.

                                                              

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

19.

. ## ,

D.

F. Coupe de laminage

-

.

                                                              

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

20. -

. ##

## , -

-

, -

.

                                                              

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

21.

. ##

##

## , ,

D. ,

. Wrinkles ,

F. Rides ,

, -

.

                                                              

. 1.

,

, -

.

2.

.

3.

-

,

.

-

.

                                                              

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

22. , -

D. Oberwalzung -

. Lap ,

F. Repliure de laminage

, ,

.

                                                              

. 1.

-

.

2. -

-

,

-

-

.

.

                                                              

 

                                                              

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

23. , -

. ## -

D. ,

. Forging fold

F. Repliure de forgeage .

.

.

.

                                                              

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

24.

. ##

##

## ,

D. Riefe

. roove, Cuide mark -

F. Rainure .

                                                              

.

-

.

.

                                                              

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

25.

. ##

## ,

D.

. Through tears

F. Ruptures,

.

.

,

,

.

                                                              

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

26.

. # #

# # ,

D.

. Surface tears ,

F. Cassures, Dechirures ,

.

                                                              

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

27.

. ## -

## , -

##

D. Schrammen --

. Guide scratch .

                                                              

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

28. -

. ## -

##

D. Durchstiche ,

. Pricks -

F. Piqures -

, -

-

.

                                                              

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

29.

. ## ,

##

## -

# # , -

## -

# # ,

D.

E. Indentations and roll .

marks .

F. Marques du cylinde de

laminoir

.

                                                              

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

30.

. # #

# # ,

# # ,

## ,

D. Ausgewalzte -, ,

E. Rolled indentations

F. Marques .

.

,

,

.

                                                              

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

31.

. # # ,

##

D. Abdrucknetz ,

E. Net shaped roll marks

F. des marques

.

. -

.

                                                              

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

32. , -

. # #

D. Schuppenheit ,

. Rippled surface

F. Ecailles

.

                                                             

. 1.

.

2.

.

                                                              

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

33. -

. ##

# # ,

D.

. Surface overheating , -

F. Surchauffe de la -

surface .

 

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

34.

. # #

# # ,

# #

D. Einwalzzunder, Zundere- .

inwalzungen

. Rolled-in scale

F. Scories de laminoir

                                                              

 

                                                              

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

35.

. ## ,

# #

# # ,

## .

#

#

##

D. Rauhigkeit, Rattermarke

. Pitted surface

F. Surface 

                                                              

 

                                                              

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

36.

. # # ,

##

## ,

D. Zundernarben -

. Pitting, Scale pits

F. Scories de puit .

.

.

                                                               

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

37. -

. ##

# # .

## .

# #

D. Eingewalzte : ,

Metallteilchen .

F. Particules 

                                                              

 

                                                              

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

38. -

. # #

# # ,

F. Soufflure de surface -

.

.

.

                                                              

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

39.

D. Abplatzter Zunder -

. Exfoliating scale -

F Calamine , -

.

.

,

.

                                                              

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

40.

,

. # #

D. Eingewalzte

.

. Rolled-in foreign

particles

F. Particules par laminage

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

41.

. ##

# # ,

D. Anschwemmung des

Metalls

.

.

.

                                                              

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

42.

-

. ## , -

##

## -

# # .

# #

##

D. Schleifstellen

. Grinding traces

F. Marques de 

abrasif

                                                              

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

43.

. # # - -

## ,

D. Graue Flecken ,

. Gray spots

F. Taches grises

.

                                                              

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

44. -

,

. ## -

# # ,

# #

D. Fleckenaufkohlung

E. Spot carburization .

F. Taches de carburisation .

,

.

                                                              

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

45.

. ## , , , -

## , -

# #

# #

# #

# #

## .

## . ,

# #

# # , -

D. Verunreinigungsflecken , -

. Dirt spots ,

F. Taches de crasse .

                                                              

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

46.

. # # - -

# # ,

## -

##

. Sticker patches

F. Taches ,

du soudage

.

.

.

                                                              

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

47. , -

. ## ,

# # , ,

# #

D. Pressgrat .

. Burr

F. Bavure

                                                              

 

                                                              

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

48.

. ##

# # ,

# #

# #

D. Scharte

. Hacks .

F. 

                                                              

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

49.

D. Stirnriss ()

. End crack

F. Fissure sur ,

,

.

                                                              

 

                                                              

 

                                                              

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

50. -

. ##

# # -

## ,

##

## , -

D. Gleitlinien,

Fliesslinien , -

. Slip bands

F. Bandes de glissement .

. -

45

.

                                                              

 

                                                              

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

51.

. # # ,

# #

D. Kaltverfestigungs- ,

streifen -

-

, -

.

                                                              

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

52.

. ##

## ,

##

D. Knicke

. Cross breaks, Coil

breaks

F. Pliage

-

.

.

S- -

,

, -

,

,

,

.

                                                              

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

53.

. ## ,

## - -

# # ,

# #

D. Anlauffarben

. Heat tints, Oxidation

tints -

F. Couleurs de recuit , -

.

                                                              

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

,

 

54. , -

D. Beizrisse ,

. Pickling cracks

F. Fissures de ,

.

                                                              

 

                                                              

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

55.

. ## , -

# #

# #

D. Unzureichendes Beizen .

. Underpickling

F. insuffisant

                                                              

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

56.

. # # ,

# #

##

# #

## .

D. 

. Overpickling

                                                              

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

57. , -

. # # -

# #

# # ,

. Slime deposit .

F. de boue .

,

,

..

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

58. , -

. # #

## ,

D. Zunderreste ,

. Scale residue -

F. Restes de calamine .

                                                              

 

                                                              

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

59.

. # #

## ,

##

D. Eisenrostflecken -

. Rust spots

F. Taches de rouille .

                                                              

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

60.

. ## -

# # ,

D. Rattermarken ,

. Pickling tints -

F. Nuances de

.

. -

.

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

61.

. ##

D. Schleifrisse

E. Grinding cracks

F. Rectification ,

, -

,

-

.

                                                              

.

.

                                                              

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

62.

H. ##

D. Einbeulungen ,

E. Compression marks,

Handling marks

F. Empreinte de choc -

, , -

.

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

63. , -

D. Kratzer

. Scratch -

F. Rayure ,

,

.

                                                              

 

                                                              

───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

64. ,

. ## -

D. Matte

. Dull surface -

F. Surface terne , -

-

,

.

.

""

.

 

2. . - . - . 1 "".

2.1. , , , , . , .

2.2. . 1 .

2.3. . 1 (D), () (F) .

3. . 2 - 5.

 

2

 

───────────────────────────────────────────┬──────────────────────

───────────────────────────────────────────┼──────────────────────

## 24

## 42

## 29

# # 38

## 37

# # 36

# # 38

# # 1

## 37

# # 37

62

## 3

3

# # 6

## 18, 47

## 29

## 42

## 48

11

# # 51

## 17, 25

## 50

## 62

# # 47

## 2

# # 1

1

1

## 27

## 23

## 45

## 13

48

22

# # 14

23

## 2, 8

41

# # 13, 48

47

## 18

## 50, 52

## 24

## 8, 15

33

2

2

# # 56, 59

## 59

14

# # 13

## 33

## 18

# # 50

## 42

## 19, 27

21

## 45

# # 29

# # 45

## 27

## 52

# # 11

26

## 7, 12

# # 26

# # 13

# # 26

- 28

# # 57

57

## 14, 29

## 29

44

## 64

## 53

55

## 55

# # 48

## 4

# # 34, 35

34

# # 34

39

# # 34

## 35, 36

58

29

30

## 8, 15

## 2

60

## 52

## 12

33

## 12

56

# # 56

# # 56

## 1

15

8

# # 41

## 18

# # 30

64

## 61

19

## 45

## 24

# # 30

- 50

51

# # 51

20

## 46

## 9

9

# # 45

# # 45

# # 45

## 53

27

## 25

- 5

# # 4

4

4

# # 4

# # 5

## 60

# # 57

# # 45

45

# # 58

# # 46

# # 55, 57

59

# # 30, 43

43

# # 46

46

# # 44

# # 53

# # 44

## 45

## 6

## 20

25

- 38

# # 11

36

## 41

6

## 6

## 56

## 6

12

13

7

## 12

# # 7

## 59

24

# # 14

# # 42

## 14, 20

## 50

# # 11

35

# # 35

# # 35

## 35

## 44

## 21

## 4, 17

## 30

## 43

31

# # 29, 31

17

## 14

## 21

## 21

## 52

42

# # 42

# # 45

# # 6

# # 47

# # 37

## 46

## 56

# # 55, 60

# # 4

# # 3

# # 10

# # 16

# # 16

# # 10

16

# # 16

# # 4

# # 16

# # 16

10

10

# # 16

49

54

# # 10

# # 16

61

## 28

## 14

## 31

## 23

## 18

## 11

#-# 11

# # 53

## 50

63

53

40

37

# # 40

## 35, 58

## 36

32

## 15

# # 32

# # 48

## 1

## 42

## 6

 

3

 

 

──────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

──────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

Abdrucknetz 31

Abplatzter Zunder 39

26

Anlauffarben 53

Anschwemmung des Metalls 41

Ausgewalzte 30

Ausgewalzter Schlackeneisenschluss 2

Beizblase 5

Beizrisse 54

Brandriss 12

Brandriss Von Blocken 7

Dopplung 6

25

Durchstiche 28

Einbeulungen 62

29

Eingewalzte Blase 4

Eingewalzte 40

Eingewalzte Metallteilchen 37

Eingewalzter Riss 10

Eingewaltzter Sand Und Eingewaltzte 1

Schlacke

Einwalzzunder 34

Eisenrostflecken 59

21

Fleckenaufkohlung 44

Fliesslinien 50

Geschlossene Blasen (Beulen) 5

Gewalzte Schale 15

Gleitlinien 50

Graue Flecken 43

Grober 11

Haarriss 3

Kaltverfestigungsstreifen 51

Kantenriss 13

Knicke 52

Kratzer 63

19

Loch 17

Matte 64

33

Pressgrat 47

7

Rattermarke 35

Rattermarken 60

Rauhigkeit 35

Riefe 24

Schale 8

Scharte 48

Schleifrisse 61

Schleifstellen 42

Schrammen 27

Schuppe 3

Schuppenheit 32

Spannungsriss 16

Stirnriss 49

56

23

22

Unzureichendes Beizen 55

Verunreinigungsflecken 45

Walznat 18

Zundereinwalzungen 31

Zundernarben 36

Zunderreste 58

 

4

 

 

───────────────────────────────────────────┬──────────────────────

───────────────────────────────────────────┼──────────────────────

Burr 47

Coil breaks 52

Compression marks 62

Cracked edge 13

Cross breaks 52

Delamination 6

Dirt spots 45

Dull surface 64

End crack 19

Exfoliating scale 39

Folded edge 11

Forging fold 23

Gray spots 43

Grinding cracks 61

Grinding traces 42

Groove 24

Guide mark 24

Guide scratch 27

Hacks 48

Hairline 3

Handling marks 62

Heat tints 53

Hot tears 12

Incentations and roll marks 29

Ingot hot tear 7

Lap 22

Net shaped roll marks 31

Overpickling 56

Oxidation tints 53

Pickling cracks 54

Pickling tints 60

Pigeon hole 17

Pipe 11

Pitted surface 35

Pitting 36

Pricks 28

Ridge 18

Rippled surface 32

Rolled blister 4

Rolled burn-on 9

Rolled crack 10

Rolled crust 2

Rolled indentations 30

Rolled-in foreign particles 40

Rolled-in seale 34

Rolled scab 8

Rolled slag patch 1

Rolling skin 15

Rust spots 59

Sand mark 1

Scale pits 36

Scale residue 58

Scratch 63

Shelf 2

Slime deposit 57

Slip bands 50

Sliver 8, 15

Spill 3

Spot carburization 44

Sticker patches 46

Stress crack 16

Surface overheating 33

Surface tears 26

Through tears 25

Underpickling 55

Wrinkles 21

 

T 5

 

 

──────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

──────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

Bandes de glissement 50

Bavure 47

Bord 14

48

Calamine 39

Cassures 26

17

Contamination 1

Couleurs de recuit 53

Coupe de laminage 19

Crique 12

Cruque de lingot 7

Crique de tension 16

Crique sur les bords 13

2

Decapage insuffisant 55

Dechirures 26

de boue 57

Ecailles 32

Empreinte de choc 62

Exfoliation 6

Fissure capillaire 3

Fissure 10

Fissure sur 49

Fissures de 54

Marques de abrasif 42

Marques du cylinde de laminoir 29

Marques 30

Nuances de 60

Particules 37

Particules par laminage 40

Piqures 28

Pliage 52

Rainure 24

Rayure 63

Rectification 61

Repliure 15

Repliure de forgeage 23

Repliure de laminage 22

Repliure de lingot 8

Restes de calamine 58

des marques 31

Rides 21

Ruptures 25

Sable incruste 9

Sailie 18

Scories de laminoir 34

Scories de puit 36

Soufflure 4

Souffure de surface 38

Surchauffe de la surface 33

Surface 40

Surface terne 64

Taches d'adhesion du soudage 46

Taches de carburisation 44

Taches de crasse 45

Taches de rouille 59

Taches grises 43

25

 

4. , , 1 (. 6).

5. , 1 (. 7 - 10).

6. 2.

7. - 3.

8. , - .

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

6

 

, ,

 

─────────────────────────┬──────────────────────────────┬──────────────────

─────────────────────────┴──────────────────────────────┴──────────────────

 

1.

. # # ,

##

# # .

D. Stirnumbiegen

. Turn-up, Turn-down

end

F. Surface de bout

                                                          

2.

D. Ecke ,

E. Bent angle -

F. Angle recourbe

.

                                                          

3.

. # ,

#

# #

. Bent end, Turned-in .

end, Turn-down end

F. Replier bord ou

                                                          

4.

. #

# ,

# #

# #

# # .

##

# #

# #

##

# #

. Bended edge

F. Bord pas coupe

                                                          

5. , -

. # #

# #

# # ,

## -

D. Unebene stirn

. Uneven end, Horns .

F. Surface de bout

                                                          

6.

D. Faltung ,

E. Fold

F. Ride, Pli

.

. -

-

.

                                                          

7. , -

D. Rautigkeit

E. Rhomboidity , -

F. Form rhomboidale

.

.

.

 

8. (),

()

. ## -

## , -

## -

D. Blechverdrehung, ,

Bandverdrehung

. Twisting ,

F. Tordage des .

(des bandes)

                                                          

 

9. ,

. # #

. Coil with folds

F. Rides dans de

rouleau ,

.

                                                          

10.

. # # ,

##

##

## .

D. Abgeflachter Ring

. Crumpled coil

F. Rouleau 

                                                          

11.

D. Undicht .

aufgewickelter Ring

E. Loose coil

F. Rouleau 

                                                          

12.

. ## ,

. Telescoped coil - -

F. Rouleau en

.

                                                          

 

7

 

,

 

──────────────────────────────────────────┬───────────────────────

──────────────────────────────────────────┼───────────────────────

## 8

# # 10

4

1

# # 4

# # 4

## 4

# # 1

# # 1

# # 5

# # 3

# # 3

# # 5

# # 4

# # 4

# # 4

# # 4

## 10

3

## 1, 4

# # 4

## 8

## 10

# # 5

7

11

# # 9

10

9

12

6

8

8

10

12

5

2

## 8

## 5

 

8

 

,

 

──────────────────────────────────────────┬───────────────────────

──────────────────────────────────────────┴───────────────────────

Abgeflachter Ring 10

Bandverdrehung 8

Blechverdrehung 8

Faltung 6

Ecke 2

Rautigkeit 7

Stirnumbiegen 1

Undicht aufgewickelter Ring 11

Unebene stirn 5

 

9

 

,

 

──────────────────────────────────────────┬──────────────────────

──────────────────────────────────────────┼──────────────────────

Bended edge 4

Bent angle 2

Bent end 3

Coil with folds 9

Crumpled coil 10

Fold 6

Horns 5

Loose coil 11

Rhomboidity 7

Telescoped coil 12

Turn-down end 1, 3

Turned-in end 3

Turn-up 1

Twisting 8

Uneven end 5

 

10

 

,

 

──────────────────────────────────────────┬───────────────────────

──────────────────────────────────────────┴───────────────────────

Angle recourbe 2

Bord pas coupe 4

Form rhomboidale 7

Pli 6

Replier bord ou 3

Ride 6

Rides dans de rouleau 9

Rouleau 11

Rouleau en 12

Rouleau 10

Surface de bout 5

Surface de bout 1

Tordage des (des bandes) 8

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

, , , :

, .

- , , , (), .

- , , , .

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

,

 

1. ()

 

 

 

 

 

- ; -  

 

2. ()

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

- ;

-  

 

4. ()

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

, - ; - ;

-  

 

10. ()

 

 

 

 

 

- ; -  

 

12.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

, - ;

-  

 

15.

 

 

 

 

 

- ; -  

 

16.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

- ;

- ; -  

 

17. ( )

 

 

18. ( )

 

 

19. ( )

 

 

21. ( )

 

 

22.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

- ;

- ; -  

 

23.

 

 

 

 

 

- ; -

 

24. ( )

 

 

29.

 

 

 

 

 

- ;

-

 

32.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

, - ; -  

 

35. ( )

 

 

47. ( )

 

 

54.

 

 

 

 

 

, -

 

56. ( )

 

 

58. ( )

 

 

61.

 

 

 

 

 

- ; -  

 

 

?????? ??????????? ?????????????-?????????? ??????? ????????.??
  Copyright 2008 - 2017, www.docload.spb.ru